Crack cocaine is a highly addictive stimulant derived from powdered cocaine. Crack is an inexpensive smokable variant of cocaine that produces an immediate high.
Crack cocaine is a solid, mineral-like substance. Crack is made by mixing powdered cocaine with baking soda or ammonia to form a smokable substance. Crack is often smoked by vaporizing the drug in a glass pipe. Crack got its name from the crackling sound it makes when heated.
The United States Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) classifies crack cocaine as a Schedule II drug, meaning that it has a high potential for abuse and can lead to physical dependency and severe psychological effects.
Crack was developed in the 1970s and emerged as a cheaper alternative to cocaine. Since it was cheaper than cocaine to produce, crack became more accessible to the lower-income communities. By the 1980s, the use of crack surged in what became known as the crack epidemic.
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Crack cocaine is more powerful and addictive than powdered cocaine. The effects of crack begin just one minute after inhaling the smoke and the high can last from 30 minutes up to one hour. Inhaling the smoke from crack delivers large quantities into the lungs and produces an immediate and intense euphoric feeling. The high from crack is nearly instant, and the potency of the drug makes it highly addictive.
Crack produces an excess of dopamine in the brain to produce a euphoric effect. Excessive crack use will diminish the body’s natural dopamine chemicals as the body becomes dependent. This leads to crack cocaine addiction as the cravings for the substance become stronger.
Data collected from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) indicated that an estimated 6.2 million United States residents ages 12 and older have tried crack cocaine at least once in their lives.
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Extended use of crack leads to addiction. There are several signs and physical symptomsto look out for if you suspect someone has a crack addiction. These signs include:
Crack abuse can have several short-term and long-term effects on the body and brain. The physical dependence and psychological effects of crack addiction are immediate and long- term use have serious side effects.
Some short-term and immediate effects of the drug addiction include:
Serious long-term effects of crack addiction include:
The effects of crack addiction are devastating and can lead to death. Long-term crack abuse can damage organs and users may become more susceptible to infections.
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A serious outcome of crack addiction is an overdose. Because of its potent properties, someone can overdose on crack on the first use of the drug. When crack cocaine is inhaled into the lungs, large amounts of the drug enter the body instantaneously. The risk of a crack cocaine overdose is high because users develop strong cravings for the drug and in an attempt to avoid withdrawal symptoms, they may use an excessive amount.
Signs of a crack overdose may include:
It is important to be aware of the signs of a crack overdose. An overdose is a medical emergency. If you or a loved one experiences any signs of a crack overdose, call 911 immediately.
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Detoxing and recovering from a crack cocaine addiction can be physically and psychologically challenging. Detox is the first step in treatment for crack addiction. Detoxing from crack should be done in a controlled medical setting.
Crack withdrawal causes intense cravings, feelings of anxiety and depression, and insomnia. There are currently no approved prescription drugs to treat crack addiction or alleviate crack cocaine withdrawal symptoms.
The best option for the treatment of crack addiction is an inpatient treatment facility. Crack addiction treatment includes behavioral therapy, group therapy, 12-step programs, and treatment for mental health and co-occurring disorders. Rehab for crack addiction typicallylasts 30 to 90 days.
Arista Recovery is a drug rehab center with several options for crack cocaine addiction treatment. If you are seeking a treatment program for crack addiction or substance abuse, we are here to help. Our admissions specialists are available 24/7 to answer your questions and verify insurance benefits. Start your journey to addiction recovery with rehab.
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Cocaine is generally ingested intranasally, while crack is heated and the smoke is inhaled. Smoking crack increases the speed of drug’s effects. The high from crack is more intense than that of powder cocaine high, which leads to a higher potential for addiction. Crack also has a lower street value than cocaine.
Crack can be detected in hair follicles for up to 90 days, urine for up to four days, and saliva and blood for up to 24 hours.
An overdose on crack cocaine can lead to sudden death. Fatal overdose is dependent on several factors including how much is taken, length of addiction, and combining crack with other substances.
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